Worm Advice

Fleas & Flea Larvae

What do they look like and where do they live?

  • They are small, wingless insects, approximately one-eighth of an inch, with back legs that are modified for jumping
  • The majority of the fleas’ life cycle occurs off the animal
  • Adult fleas feed on blood
  • Eggs are laid on the animal but fall into the environment, for instance pets’ bedding or in the carpet
  • Only 5% of flea population is on the animal – i.e. 95% in the environment

How can my pet contract Fleas?

  • Fleas can pass from one infected animal to another
  • In heavy burdens, you may need to treat environmental stages, or fleas will continue to emerge and be seen to land on pets; this emergence of fleas can occur for several months
  • When treating the environment it is important to treat all areas that the pet goes. This may include the car

How will this parasite affect my pet?

  • Fleas will bite cats, dogs and rabbits
  • Fleas can cause Flea Bite Dermatitis by irritating the skin of the animal
  • Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD) is caused by an allergy to flea saliva
  • A very heavy infestation particularly in small animals i.e. kittens and puppies can lead to anaemia
  • Fleas can also be responsible for the transmission of viral and bacterial disease

Can this parasite affect my health?

  • Fleas will bite people as well as cats, dogs and rabbits.